Vlasova Inna

ORCID iD 0000-0003-3532-3136

PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Doctoral Student, Institute of Higher Education, NAES of Ukraine,
9 Bastionna Str., 01014 Kyiv, Ukraine,
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

DOI: 10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.100105


The article is devoted to the identification of the higher education development trends on the basis of the key analytical documents analysis of the following international organizations in higher education: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (ОЕCD), World Bank, European University Association. UNESCO documents are focused on the autonomy of higher education institutions and academic freedom. Autonomy means that degree of self-governance necessary for effective decision making by institutions of higher education regarding their academic work, standards, management and related activities consistent with systems of public accountability, especially in respect of funding provided by the state, and respect for academic freedom and human rights. However, the nature of institutional autonomy may differ according to the type of establishment involved. Autonomy is the institutional form of academic freedom and a necessary precondition to guarantee the proper fulfilment of the functions entrusted to higher-education teaching personnel and institutions. The World Bank Analytical reports are emphasized on the financial autonomy as an integral part of the higher education financing system. The OECD reports are devoted to the university autonomy in the context of financing, quality assessment and management of higher education institutions. The tendencies of the development of higher education systems in Europe are defined. They are increasing of the role of higher education in ensuring the competitiveness of countries in the world economic community; increasing of the universities competition in market economy and controlling over the public financial resources effective using; increasing demands for higher education quality; decentralization of higher education institutions management; development of the institutional autonomy and academic freedom; the interconnection of institutional autonomy, accountability and responsibility for the quality of higher education; the educational paradigm changing in terms of learning and teaching recognition as key institutional priorities.

Key words: academic freedom; accountability; analytical documents; competition; management decentralization in the higher education; quality of higher education; trends in higher education; university autonomy

Estermann, T., & Nokkala, T. (2009). University autonomy in europe I: Exploratory study, European University Association. Retrived from https://eua.eu/downloads/publications/university%20autonomy%20in%20 europe%201%20-%20exploratory%20study%20.pdf (eng).

European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice (2018). The European Higher Education Area in 2018: Bologna Process Implementation Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrived from https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/2fe152b6-5efe-11e8-ab9c01aa75ed71a1/language-en?WT.mc_id=Selectedpublications&WT.ria_c=677&WT.ria_f=706&WT. ria_ev=search (eng).

OECD (2003). Education Policy Analysis. Chapter 3: Changing Patterns of Governance in Higher Education. Retrived from http://www.oecd.org/education/school/educationpolicyanalysis-2003edition.htm (eng).

OECD (2008). Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society. Vol. 1 : Special features: Governance, Funding, Quality. Retrived from http://www.oecd.org/education/skills-beyond-school/thematicrevie woftertiaryeducation.htm (eng).

World Bank (2018). World Bank Support to Higher Education in Latvia: Volume 1. System-Level Funding. Retrived from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29740 (eng).

UNESCO (1997). Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel. Retrived from http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13144&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_ SECTION=201.html (eng).

UNESCO (1998). World Declaration on Higher Education for the Twenty-first Century: Vision and Action. Retrived from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000116345 (eng).

UNESCO (2016). Education for people and planet: creating sustainable futures for all: Global education monitoring report. Retrived from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245752 (eng).

UNESCO (2017). Global Education Monitoring Report 2017/18: Accountability in education: Meeting our commitments. Retrived from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000259338 (eng).

Full Text: PDF (ukr)