Karamysheva Olga

ORCID iD 0000-0001-5328-1203

Мaster Student of Pedagogical Institute, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University,
18/2 I. Shamo Blvd, 02000 Kyiv, Ukraine,
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DOI: 10.28925/2078-1687.2019.1-2.9399

THE IMPACT OF THE FAMILY ON THE EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE MIDDLE PRESCHOOL AGE CHILD

The article reveals the influence of the family on emotional development and formation of the emotional sphere of a child of middle preschool age. The analysis of psychological domestic and foreign literature is made. The article uses citations of researchers on this issue. This article describes the styles of family education and their characteristics, the classification of the main emotions of the child, and experimental research, which was conducted on the basis of pre-school educational institution number 455 of Kiev. Our study consisted of two stages. At the first stage, it was aimed at identifying a child’s preferred parenting style and perceiving the child as it is. At the second stage of the study, the diagnosis of the level of anxiety in children, the presence of fears and the attitude of the child to the family, family ties and places of the child in the family were conducted. The article describes the methods by which parents and their children were diagnosed; explanations and descriptions of the diagnostic results of parents and children are given. There are two methods for the diagnosis of fathers, and three for the diagnosis of children. The study was attended by twenty children of five years old and their parents. During the research, the influence of the family on the emotional development of a child of middle preschool age, the importance of emotional family relationships for harmonious development was experimentally grounded. The results of the study are documented in the text of the article in the form of drawings. According to the results of the research, conclusions have been drawn that point to the need for a more thoughtful choice of methods of education and communication with children, which will contribute to the harmonious emotional development of the child. Parents and educators are given recommendations. The prospects for further research are indicated.

Key words: emotional development; emotional sphere; emotional states; family upbringing.

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